Signs of B12 deficiency on your lips + Nazis dosed soldiers with 'Superdrug'

The Sign Of Vitamin B12 Deficiency On Your Lips

EXCERPT: One-quarter of people may have a vitamin B12 deficiency. Sores around the mouth or ulcers inside it can be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency. [...] These are not blisters, but raw areas that come and go. Mouth ulcers — also known as canker sores — are small shallow lesions inside the mouth that can make eating painful. ... they can be a sign that vitamin B12 levels are low.

Other common signs of vitamin B12 deficiency include a lower appetite, headaches, a feeling of tiredness or depression and feeling breathless after minimal exercise. [...] Vitamin B12 deficiency is easy to rectify with supplements or by dietary changes. Fortified breakfast cereals also contain vitamin B12. (MORE - details)

Nazis dosed soldiers with performance-boosting 'Superdrug'

EXCERPT: . . . The German methamphetamine Pervitin was initially marketed in the 1930s as a recreational pick-me-up, and scientists were experimenting with Pervitin before the war to see how long student users could stay awake and still perform well on exams, said World War II historian and documentary consultant James Holland. By 1940, Pervitin was widely distributed among pilots in the Luftwaffe (the Nazi air force) to prime them for the rigors of long missions, or to ward off sleeplessness and hunger if their planes were shot down [...]

That was the year of the Blitz — the Nazis' relentless and devastating bombing attack against Britain — an initiative fueled by massive quantities of speed, Holland said. [...] from April to June 1940 — about 35 million Pervitin tablets were sent to 3 million German soldiers, seamen and pilots [...] Following this infusion of drugs, Wehrmacht soldiers (as the troops in Nazi Germany were called) marched and fought for 10 consecutive days, trapping and defeating the British army at Dunkirk in a decisive military victory [...] In Britain, rumors swirled about dive-bombing Nazi pilots with a superhuman resistance to g-forces through drugs [...]

[...] officials hatched a plan to fuel Allied soldiers with a similar chemical advantage. They settled on the amphetamine Benzedrine [...] But just because Benzedrine wasn't as dangerous as Pervitin, the drug still carried risks [...] When American soldiers landed in North Africa in 1942, they were also operating under the influence of speed; half a million Benzedrine tablets were supplied on the orders of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower [...]

Amphetamines are currently recognized as high risk for addiction and abuse. However, in the 1940s, experts roundly dismissed this notion in scientific literature... (MORE - details)
It wasn't just the Nazis (everybody's favorite villains). The United States did it and still does it.

US Air Force pilots are issued amphetamines, depending on mission type and duration.

Here's a paper from Aviation and Space Environmental Medicine (March 1995, 66(3) pp. 260-3) outlining amphetamine use during the first Gulf War. 65% of Tactical Air Command pilots reported using amphetamines. Of these, about 60% thought that they were beneficial and even essential. "Dextroamphetamine (5 mg every 4 h) was used effectively and without major side effects in tactical flying operations. Amphetamine use enhanced cockpit performance and flight safety by reducing the effect of fatigue during critical stages of flight."

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