Hurricanes & Cyclones

Cyclone Fani: India mass evacuations as storm moves up coast

Quote:Thousands of people are being evacuated from villages along India's eastern coastline ahead of a severe cyclone.
Cyclone Fani is heading towards the state of Orissa with wind speeds in excess of 200 km/h (127 mph), and is expected to make landfall on Friday.
Officials have now shut down operations at two major ports on the east coast, and thousands of rescuers are helping people evacuate from low-lying areas.
Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states are also on high alert.
Officials told BBC Hindi that around 800,000 people are in the process of being evacuated. Nearly 100,000 of them will be evacuated from Puri, a city in Orissa, as authorities believe that this is where the storm will hit hardest. Puri is also home to the 858-year-old Jagannath temple - officials are also worried about the impact it could have on the historic building.
Meanwhile, all schools and universities in the state have shut.
Cyclone Fani will be the fourth storm to hit the country's east coast in the last three decades.

looks bad
storm surge is going to be an issue
i suspect the storm surge from the ocean could be quite an issue with "sudden rising water looking like a tsunami killing many people" though i am not sure what a rocky sore line effect would mean
"100 million people in the path". Equivalent to a Category-4 hurricane, (215 kph/130 mph with gusts of 260 kph/160 mph). In the past, I guess the density of the population there and arguably less shelter slash less mass mobility would have made it as lethal as a Category-5 grinding up Florida and the gulf coastline. (If not the death and injury impact of the quasi-unofficial Category-6.) Sounds like things may have improved, though, as far as evacuation.

Intensity Classifications: . . . Once the system's maximum sustained winds reach wind speeds of 64 knots (74 mph; 119 km/h), the JMA [Japan Meteorological Agency] will designate the tropical cyclone as a typhoon—the highest category on its scale. From 2009 the Hong Kong Observatory started to further divide typhoons into three different classifications: typhoon, severe typhoon and super typhoon. A typhoon has wind speed of 64-79 knots (73-91 mph; 118–149 km/h), a severe typhoon has winds of at least 80 knots (92 mph; 150 km/h), and a super typhoon has winds of at least 100 knots (120 mph; 190 km/h).

The United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) unofficially classifies typhoons with wind speeds of at least 130 knots (67 m/s; 150 mph; 241 km/h)—the equivalent of a strong Category 4 storm in the Saffir-Simpson scale—as super typhoons. However, the maximum sustained wind speed measurements that the JTWC uses are based on a 1-minute averaging period, akin to the U.S.' National Hurricane Center and Central Pacific Hurricane Center. As a result, the JTWC's wind reports are higher than JMA's measurements, as the latter is based on a 10-minute averaging interval.

The latter could possibly disparage Fani to not even a true or full Category-4. But the lives lost and devastation probably won't notice the difference.


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