Europe's looming anti-vaccination crisis + Debunking metabolism myths

#1
A Shockingly High Number Of Europeans Think Vaccines Are Unsafe
https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/

EXCERPT: . . . more cases of measles have been recorded in Europe in the first half of 2018 than any full year of the past decade. The troubling surge in infections is the continuation of an outbreak that began in 2017; an estimated 23,937 children and adults contracted the highly contagious virus last year. So far this year, more than 41,000 patients have already been confirmed. Ukraine has been the hardest hit, with more than 23,000 cases, and France, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Russia, and Serbia have all seen at least 1,000 cases each. [...] The only explanation for its recent reemergence is insufficient immunization. And while lack of access to medical care will always be a barrier to total coverage, researchers have identified the principal cause: Europe’s growing anti-vaccination sentiments....

MORE: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/



Metabolism and weight loss: debunking myths in the metabolic chamber
https://www.vox.com/2018/9/4/17486110/me...eight-loss

EXCERPT: When scientists offer mice or rats a spread of junk food, they consistently find that only some overeat and puff out into little rodent blimps, while others maintain a normal body size. A similar thing happens in people. In the US, and around the world, we are now overwhelmed with highly palatable, cheap calories. This has helped obesity rates soar on average. But not everyone overeats and becomes overweight, and not everyone who becomes overweight or obese develops illnesses like diabetes or heart disease. This individual variation — why we have different responses to extra calories and weight — is one of the greatest mysteries of modern medicine.

The best place to find answers is an 11-by-11.5-foot room in suburban Washington, DC. This summer, I spent a day there, one of fewer than 100 patients who will do so this year. The National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s airtight “metabolic chamber” is furnished only with an exercise bike, a toilet, and a bed. For 23 hours in June, I was sealed in the chamber, while nurses monitored me constantly through a plexiglass window and video camera in the ceiling.

Like a prisoner in solitary confinement, I ate meals delivered through a small, air-locked opening in the wall. Since researchers were measuring every calorie I used, any leftover scrap had to be sent back through the wall and recorded. A heart monitor and three accelerometers on my wrist, waist, and ankle tracked my every heartbeat and movement.

[...extensive information and history in between...]

Yet the truth of the metabolic chamber is that there’s a lot of variation in how people respond to diets and exercises, and so far, no single approach has worked to help everybody. That’s why so much of the one-size-fits-all weight loss advice we’re steeped in is so frustrating and futile for so many.

The chamber has also shown that while some people have a “slow metabolism” relative to others their size and age, this isn’t a major cause of obesity. And despite the focus on “metabolism boosting” for weight loss, there’s nothing money can buy that will speed your metabolism up in way that will lead to substantial slimming.

When I look back at what helped me lose weight, there was never a magic bullet — a special diet, exercise regimen, or supplement — that worked. Through plodding trial and error, I discovered habits and routines I could stick with to help me eat less and move more.

I don’t keep junk food in the house, I avoid eating out a lot, I prioritize sleep, and I try to fill my plates with fruits and vegetables. As for exercise, I build it into my daily life — walking or biking to work, or during lunch breaks. And I’ve found mornings and weekends best for dedicated workouts (yoga, running, swimming, spinning, Pilates, etc.).

These routines are a work in progress, and I know that my ability to maintain them is strongly tied to my socioeconomic status and where I live. If I had more personal or financial stress, or lived in a different neighborhood with a long commute to work, I’d probably sleep less and eat more. I certainly wouldn’t be doing Pilates.

Research from the chamber won’t alleviate these socioeconomic drivers of obesity. But a better understanding of human physiology and metabolism — with the help of the chamber — might level the playing field through the discovery of effective treatments. As Lex Kravitz, an NIH neuroscientist and obesity researcher, told me, “Even if a slow metabolism isn’t the reason people become obese, it may still be a place to intervene for weight loss.” The same goes for the other common illnesses — diabetes, cardiovascular disease — linked to extra weight.

More immediately, science from the chamber should debunk our metabolism myths. It certainly debunked mine...

MORE: https://www.vox.com/2018/9/4/17486110/me...eight-loss
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#2
(Sep 14, 2018 03:37 PM)C C Wrote: A Shockingly High Number Of Europeans Think Vaccines Are Unsafe
https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/

EXCERPT: . . . more cases of measles have been recorded in Europe in the first half of 2018 than any full year of the past decade. The troubling surge in infections is the continuation of an outbreak that began in 2017; an estimated 23,937 children and adults contracted the highly contagious virus last year. So far this year, more than 41,000 patients have already been confirmed. Ukraine has been the hardest hit, with more than 23,000 cases, and France, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Russia, and Serbia have all seen at least 1,000 cases each. [...] The only explanation for its recent reemergence is insufficient immunization. And while lack of access to medical care will always be a barrier to total coverage, researchers have identified the principal cause: Europe’s growing anti-vaccination sentiments....

MORE: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/

This occurring in highly secular European countries puts the lie to anti-vaxxers being mostly religious in the US, where it requires a religious exemption for the purposes of public school.
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#3
(Sep 14, 2018 04:45 PM)Syne Wrote:
(Sep 14, 2018 03:37 PM)C C Wrote: A Shockingly High Number Of Europeans Think Vaccines Are Unsafe
https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/

EXCERPT: . . . more cases of measles have been recorded in Europe in the first half of 2018 than any full year of the past decade. The troubling surge in infections is the continuation of an outbreak that began in 2017; an estimated 23,937 children and adults contracted the highly contagious virus last year. So far this year, more than 41,000 patients have already been confirmed. Ukraine has been the hardest hit, with more than 23,000 cases, and France, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Russia, and Serbia have all seen at least 1,000 cases each. [...] The only explanation for its recent reemergence is insufficient immunization. And while lack of access to medical care will always be a barrier to total coverage, researchers have identified the principal cause: Europe’s growing anti-vaccination sentiments....

MORE: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-me...re-unsafe/

This occurring in highly secular European countries puts the lie to anti-vaxxers being mostly religious in the US, where it requires a religious exemption for the purposes of public school.

If it's a child then it's abuse. ... or is it forgivable by way of stupidity?
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#4
To my mother's generation, measles was just a fact of life, like chickenpox was in my childhood.
Would failure to vaccinate for chickenpox be abuse, or is it only the potential death rate that makes measles vaccination a moral issue?
And if failure to take preventative measures against all possible causes of death is abuse, maybe children shouldn't be allowed to play at all. [/hyperbole]
Most anti-vaxxers are not religious. They are the vegan/vegetarian, no gluten, no processed, organic, no GMOs crowd. Come to think of it, those people are pretty religious and proselytizing too.
IMO, concerned people should just space out and not combine (often with mercury as a binding agent) vaccines.
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