Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Most detailed galaxy images yet + Perseverance gallery + Phobos mission + BHs wander

C C Offline
The arresting Perseverance (Mars rover) image gallery

Bringing the James Webb Space Telescope to life in the UK

Japan’s Mission to Phobos Will Also Bring a Sample Home by 2029

INTRO: Japan’s space agency (JAXA) is gearing up for its Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission, with plans to have a sample from Mars’ moon Phobos return to Earth by 2029. Mission scientists say they hope to find clues to the origins of Mars two moons, as well as Mars itself, and possibly even traces of past life... (MORE)

A Huge Number of Rogue Supermassive Black Holes Are Wandering The Universe

INTRO: Supermassive black holes tend to sit, more or less stationary, at the centers of galaxies. But not all of these awesome cosmic objects stay put; some may be knocked askew, wobbling around galaxies like cosmic nomads.

We call such black holes 'wanderers', and they're largely theoretical, because they are difficult (but not impossible) to observe, and therefore quantify. But a new set of simulations has allowed a team of scientists to work out how many wanderers there should be, and whereabouts - which in turn could help us identify them out there in the Universe.

This could have important implications for our understanding of how supermassive black holes - monsters millions to billions of times the mass of our Sun - form and grow, a process that is shrouded in mystery... (MORE)

Most detailed galaxy photos yet are world news

RELEASE: Media all around the world reported about it: the most detailed images yet seen of galaxies, shot by radio telescope LOFAR. The international team behind these amazing results were led by Leah Morabito at Durham University and included three talented Leiden astronomers.

‘Astronomers see galaxies in ultra-high definition’, the BBC headlined about the astonishing results, which took almost a decade of work. Media in China, Indonesia, Spain and the US also reported about the research, to name a few. A special issue of the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics came out on 17 August, dedicated to 11 papers describing the results. Read all about the discovery in the press release by ASTRON.

PhD candidates Christian Groeneveld, Roland Timmerman and Frits Sweijen from the Leiden Observatory contributed to the studies. They each tell something about their efforts and experiences.

Christian Groenevel. ‘I focus more on the lowest frequencies of radio waves that we can see from Earth. These radio waves are very difficult to observe because they get heavily distorted by the atmosphere. However, using LOFAR we can achieve a very high resolution at these frequencies, a resolution that is more than 10 times better than previous work.

This is particularly important when we study black holes in the centre of distant galaxies. These black holes emit hot plasma, which is particularly bright at low frequencies. At lower frequencies, we unravel older plasma, in a similar way that we find older artefacts in deeper layers of the Earth. Combined with the high resolution unlocked with LOFAR, we can trace back the behaviour and evolution of these black holes back in time.’

Roland Timmerman. ‘During the second year of my PhD, I worked on a project based on LOFAR observations of Hercules A. This radio source is created by a black hole in a galaxy at a distance of about 2 billion lightyears. The two jets of plasma emitted near the black hole escape the galaxy and form gigantic radio lobes as they eventually come to a stop.

Hercules A is known for having a fascinating ring pattern in its radio lobes, but for decades it remained unclear what caused such a pattern to emerge. Our new LOFAR observations were able to detect these ring structures with enough detail to constrain the shape of their radio spectrum, which forms an important piece of the puzzle.

Our research not only provided us with valuable information about the physics that plays a role within radio lobes, but it was also an important test of LOFAR's capabilities, which it passed with flying colours.

The success of this project highlights the value of collaboration in science. Without so many scientists and engineers from so many different European countries coming together to each contribute their expertise, this project would have been impossible. I feel very grateful and lucky that I have had the opportunity to contribute my part.’

Frits Sweijen. ‘I contributed to this research with a paper on the galaxy 4C 43.15. The light we receive from this object originated from a time when the Universe was only 2.6 billion years old. In addition to being far away, 4C 43.15 has what we call a steep spectrum. This means the energy at certain radio frequencies gets radiated away quicker than one would initially expect.

Talking from the perspective of my paper, these results will further our understanding of the formation and evolution of small and distant radio galaxies. While the current studies only focused on a single object, LOFAR's large field of view ensures that in the future we can study sources across the entire Northern sky.

Working within the collaboration has been a great example of how such an international instrument can also spur international collaboration. It feels exciting to be part of such a large collaboration.’

Possibly Related Threads…
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  We can begin an interstellar mission today & we should + To save Earth, go to Mars C C 4 607 Jul 22, 2023 08:20 PM
Last Post: C C
  Article Astronomers search for galaxy-wide transmitter beacon at center of Milky Way C C 0 15 Jun 5, 2023 04:27 PM
Last Post: C C
  NASA's DART mission did divert asteroid + Astronomers analyzed JWST data prematurely C C 3 94 Mar 22, 2023 08:13 AM
Last Post: Kornee
  The galaxy cluster that broke modified gravity + Do we live in a rotating universe? C C 1 23 Feb 8, 2023 11:15 AM
Last Post: Kornee
  Intercepting the next interstellar visitor + BH theory defied + Dragonfly 44 galaxy C C 1 129 Nov 14, 2022 08:01 AM
Last Post: Kornee
  A protogalaxy in the Milky Way may be our galaxy’s original nucleus C C 0 55 Sep 23, 2022 04:32 AM
Last Post: C C
  Who thought asking the internet to name NASA’s Uranus mission was a good idea? C C 1 46 Sep 14, 2022 08:09 PM
Last Post: Yazata
  Are the colors in Webb Telescope images 'fake'? C C 0 14 Aug 8, 2022 07:27 PM
Last Post: C C
  James Webb Space Telescope First-Images Photo Gallery Yazata 0 16 Aug 4, 2022 08:29 PM
Last Post: Yazata
  First Photo of Super Massive Black Hole Sgr A* in Center of Our Galaxy Yazata 2 39 May 13, 2022 03:35 AM
Last Post: Syne

Users browsing this thread: 1 Guest(s)