What is AI? + 'Mini-brains' to help robots recognize pain & to self-repair

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Scientists develop 'mini-brains' to help robots recognize pain and to self-repair
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20...101812.htm

INTRO: Using a brain-inspired approach, scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a way for robots to have the artificial intelligence (AI) to recognise pain and to self-repair when damaged. The system has AI-enabled sensor nodes to process and respond to 'pain' arising from pressure exerted by a physical force. The system also allows the robot to detect and repair its own damage when minorly 'injured', without the need for human intervention.... (MORE)


What is artificial intelligence? Your AI questions, answered.
https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2018/...-alignment

INTRO: Stephen Hawking has said, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” Elon Musk claims that AI is humanity’s “biggest existential threat.”

That might have people asking: Wait, what? But these grand worries are rooted in research. Along with Hawking and Musk, prominent figures at Oxford and UC Berkeley and many of the researchers working in AI today believe that advanced AI systems, if deployed carelessly, could permanently cut off human civilization from a good future.

This concern has been raised since the dawn of computing. But it has come into particular focus in recent years, as advances in machine-learning techniques have given us a more concrete understanding of what we can do with AI, what AI can do for (and to) us, and how much we still don’t know.

There are also skeptics. Some of them think advanced AI is so distant that there’s no point in thinking about it now. Others are worried that excessive hype about the power of their field might kill it prematurely. And even among the people who broadly agree that AI poses unique dangers, there are varying takes on what steps make the most sense today.

The conversation about AI is full of confusion, misinformation, and people talking past each other — in large part because we use the word “AI” to refer to so many things. So here’s the big picture on how artificial intelligence might pose a catastrophic danger, in nine questions... (MORE - details)

THE QUESTIONS, COVERED IN DEPTH:

1) What is AI?

2) Is it even possible to make a computer as smart as a person?

3) How exactly could AI wipe us out?

4) When did scientists first start worrying about AI risk?

5) Why couldn’t we just shut off a computer if it got too powerful?

6) What are we doing right now to avoid an AI apocalypse? “It could be said that public policy on AGI [artificial general intelligence] does not exist,” concluded a paper in 2018 reviewing the state of the field.

7) Is this really likelier to kill us all than, say, climate change?

8) Is there a possibility that AI can be benevolent?

9) I just really want to know: how worried should we be?
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