Casual Discussion Science Forum
The ancient Persian way to keep cool (architecture) - Printable Version

+- Casual Discussion Science Forum (
+-- Forum: Science (
+--- Forum: Architecture, Design & Engineering (
+--- Thread: The ancient Persian way to keep cool (architecture) (/thread-10788.html)

The ancient Persian way to keep cool (architecture) - C C - Aug 12, 2021

INTRO: The city of Yazd in the desert of central Iran has long been a focal point for creative ingenuity. Yazd is home to a system of ancient engineering marvels that include an underground refrigeration structure called yakhchāl, an underground irrigation system called qanats, and even a network of couriers called pirradaziš that predate postal services in the US by more than 2,000 years.

Among Yazd's ancient technologies is the wind catcher, or bâdgir in Persian. These remarkable structures are a common sight soaring above the rooftops of Yazd. They are often rectangular towers, but they also appear in circular, square, octagonal and other ornate shapes.

Yazd is said to have the most wind catchers in the world, though they may have originated in ancient Egypt. In Yazd, the wind catcher soon proved indispensable, making this part of the hot and arid Iranian Plateau livable.

Though many of the city's wind catchers have fallen out of use, the structures are now drawing academics, architects and engineers back to the desert city to see what role they could play in keeping us cool in a rapidly heating world.

As a wind catcher requires no electricity to power it, it is both a cost-efficient and green form of cooling. With conventional mechanical air conditioning already accounting for a fifth of total electricity consumption globally, ancient alternatives like the wind catcher are becoming an increasingly appealing option.

There are two main forces that drive the air through and down into the structures: the incoming wind and the change in buoyancy of air depending on temperature – with warmer air tending to rise above cooler, denser air... (MORE)

Ancient Persian Air Conditioning

RE: The ancient Persian way to keep cool (architecture) - elte - Aug 12, 2021

I think one of those methods' operation was related to how the Bernoulli principle works.